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Valls

Desembre 17, 2008

VALLS

(CAPITAL DE L’ALT CAMP)

Valls, head of the region of Alt Camp. The left plane of the Francolí river is occupied by the municipal term of Valls; the river flows along all the term and picks up the torrent waters. Valls in the main nucleus of the region communications, as the different routes have a starting point or a confluence to Valls. We also should notice the Valls is located inside the big lines of communication of Catalonia (freeway AP-2, railways, etc.) In the scope of agriculture, Valls continues cultivating the dry lands cultivations, such as the vine, cereals, carobs, olives tree, almonds tree and hazels. We shall point out the important vine and wine production, which were the predominant crops between the XVII and the XIX centuries. The cultivations is irrigated lands (fruit trees, vegetables, etc.); they follow an old tradition ar since the XII century they have notices about droughts and dams. The industrialization started at the XIX century and has become the main economic activity of Valls. The industrial estate of Valls (1964) concentrates an important industrial quality and counts with good communications. This fact has facilitate the industrial introduction in the metallurgical, electronically components and furniture sectors, amongst others. Valls is also an important commercial and services center: the Wednesday market (1210) and the fruits and vegetables market of each Saturday, are two of the more traditional events. The Firagost also stands out: it is a show or sample of agricultural products and machinery that attract thousand of visitors every year.

El Francolí, al cual van a parar todas las aguas del municipio, lo rodea por el oeste y lo atraviesa por un extremo. El extremo noroccidental del termino es accidentado por la sierra de Miramar, pero la mayor parte se extiende por el llano. Conserva en la parte antigua, de calles estrechas y torcidas, los rasgos medievales. Está rodeada de arrabales, que corresponden a las antiguas murallas, construidas al final del siglo XIV. En las afueras se conservan los conventos de Sant Francesc (hoy hospital), de los capuchinos (actual Casa de Caritat) y del Carme. Hay un instituto de enseñanza secundaria (Narcís Oller) y una escuela oficial de maestría industrial, y el 1918 fue inaugurada la primera Biblioteca Popular de Catalunya. Durante los últimos veinte años, al ritmo de la creciente industrialización y del aumento demográfico, han sido urbanizados espacios vacíos y han aparecido nuevos barrios. La principal celebración comercial es el Firagost (primer martes y miércoles de agosto). Valls tiene una Cámara de Comercio e Industria. Entre las costumbres más enraizadas hay que mencionar la tradición castellera de los Xiquets de Valls y, en gastronomía, la Calçotada.

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